Related Topics

  Protection of Transformer  Equivalent Circuit diagram of single phase Transformer   Core type Transformer and Shell type Transformer  Transformer with winding Resistance and Magnetic Leakage  Transformer with winding Resistance but No Magnetic Leakage  Equivalent Resistance of single phase Transformer  Magnetic leakage of Single Phase Transformer  Oil Flow Indicator of the pump of Power Transformer  Silica Gel Breather of Transformer  Oil Pump of Transformer   Radiator of Transformer and working of Radiator  PRD of Transformer  MOG ( magnetic oil gauge ) of Transformer  Bushing of Transformer ( for H.V side and L.V side )  WTI and OTI of Transformer  Buchholz Relay of Transformer and Working of Buchholz Relay  Conservator tank of Transformer  What is a Power Transformer ?  Short Circuit Test or Full load Cu loss of Transformer   Open circuit test or No load Test of Transformer   Parallel operation of 3-phase Transformer  Earthing or Neutral Grounding Transformer   Transformer on On load Condition   What is a Transformer ?  E.m.f Equation of Transformer   Transformer on No load Condition

Index

SymbolsTransformerRelayPower-SystemBasic-electricalACSR-ConductorCircuit-BreakerInterview-questions-of-Basic-ElectricityInterview-questions-of-transformerInsulatorCurrent-TransformerMCQMCQ-powersystemThermal-power-stationInterview-questions-of-Power-SystemPower-ElectronicsInterview-questions-of-Underground-CableInterview-questions-of-IlluminationIlluminationMCQ-of-ElectronicsMCQ-of-Basic-ElectricalMCQ-of-Transformers MCQ-of-D.C-motor MCQ-of-D.C-generators

Silica Gel Breather of Transformer

Silica gel Breather is cylindrical type container which is fitted to the conservator tank through a pipe line which is totally filled with silica gel crystals used for absorbing any moisture present in the air during breathing action of transformer due to expansion and contraction of transformer oil in the transformer. The size of Breather depends on the volume of transformer main tank as well as quantity of transformer oil in the transformer. A oil pot is connected under the breather. The details of silica gel Breather is shown in figure.


Fig. 1 ( Before moisture absorbed )



Maintenance of Silica gel Breather

When the Silica gel breather is first installed, the crystals have a blue tint, and after a period of operation, the colour of the tinted crystals gradually changes to pink , this is an indication that the silica gel is becoming saturated and losing its absorbent properties. When there is a preponderance of pink crystals the silica gel should be changed or reactivated.



Fig. 2 ( after moisture absorbed )

Silicagel may be reactivated by heating in a thin pan at a temperature of 1500C to 2000C for two to three hours when the crystals should have regained their original blue tint.
Before filling the container with silica gel, clean and dry all parts of the breather. Verify that the oil level in the oil cup is correct or not –correct.
Finally ensure that the breather is not choked and is free for passage of air.

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